CPHA Canvax

CANVax in Brief are short evidence-based articles that aim to inform, engage and inspire its readers by bringing attention to current and emerging issues in immunization, and by profiling initiatives and activities from across Canada that aim to improve vaccine acceptance and uptake.

Contributions to CANVax in Brief are by invitation only. All articles are reviewed by CANVax staff and by the Expert Review Panel as part of the peer-review process prior to publication. If you have questions about CANVax in Brief, contact us

CANVax Brief Series - CANVax is collaborating with Canada Communicable Disease Report (CCDR) to publish short evidence-based briefs from our CANVax in Brief series throughout 2020. You can read our articles here.


Program Evaluation

February 14, 2020

Ethics Check-up of Public Health Immunization Programs in Canada

Noni E. MacDonald, Shawn Harmon, Janice E. Graham

The World Health Organization recognizes immunization as one of the most successful and effective public health interventions for saving lives. Its impact reaches far beyond the health and well-being of individuals and communities through improved social determinants of health affecting work productivity, equity, institutional stability, economic development, and innovation. Nevertheless, immunization needs to be subject to independent scrutiny of vaccine research data and manufacturing practices, legal and ethical assurance of informed consent, and social justice issues including the right to access.